Pain in the knees is a common ailment mainly associated with middle-aged or elderly people, however, this problem also affects young people.
The knee joint works all the time, it carries a large part of our body weight. These ailments can simply be caused by overloads/strains, minor injuries or osteoarthritis. There are other factors which could contribute such as age, injuries, sports, and sometimes if a person is overweight.
Individuals who suffer with aches and pains during activity and movement, may feel stiffness in the joint. They can also find it begins to limit their movement and side effects might start to occur, such as puffiness and swelling.
In order to choose the appropriate treatment, it is important to have a consultation with an orthopaedic physician. Next follow their proposed diagnostic route, and then undergo therapy.
What is Hyaluronic acid?
Hyaluronic acid is a particularly essential element in most living organisms. It takes the form of a thick and transparent liquid. In the human body, it is found in the skin, in the walls of blood vessels. It is also the main component of synovial fluid.
Hyaluronic acid is more commonly associated with aesthetic medicine and the beauty industries. It is however widely used in ophthalmology and orthopaedics.
Treatment with hyaluronic acid
As for the process of Viscosupplementation (treating joints with hyaluronic acid) it is a painless procedure of injecting hyaluronic acid into the joint. After assessing the patient’s condition, Dr Żak suggests which treatment route would be the most effective. Usually, three to five injections at regular intervals are required. Sometimes only a single injections is needed.
What does this injection provide?
It causes the synovial fluid to become sticky and elastic. This means it returns to its natural and desired form. The friction of the articular surfaces is also reduced, and thus the cartilage is nourished and toned. The damage is significantly reduced, and flexibility is increased while walking.
There is no need for hospitalisation and the patient can return to normal activities immediately after the procedure. It is recommended, however, not to strain the joint for the first 24 hours.
Following the procedure, the effects of the therapy might take around 5 to 7 days to appear. Usually they will last for many months (results being -reduction or complete relief of pain, greater range of motion, and reduction of the feeling of stiffness). The effects of the therapy largely depend on the original condition of the joint. The smaller the amount of damage, the longer the beneficial effects stay with the patient.
Are there any contraindications to using hyaluronic acid therapy?
The only contraindication is an allergy to hyaluronic acid and / or substances contained in the preparation.
What side effects may occur after the procedure?
After any intervention, side effects may occur, but they are short-lived and usually they appear on the first day – there may be slight pain and swelling in the joint.
Please remember that each case and treatment process is very individual. Keeping in contact with your orthopaedist regularly is important.
Contact us to make an appointment!